Vectorization and Rasterization: Self-Supervised Learning for Sketch and Handwriting

Ayan Kumar Bhunia
Pinaki Nath Chowdhury
Yongxin Yang
Timothy Hospedales
Tao (Tony) Xiang
Yi-Zhe Song
SketchX, Centre for Vision Speech and Signal Processing,
University of Surrey, United Kingdom

Published at CVPR 2021

[Paper]
[GitHub]



Self-supervised learning has gained prominence due to its efficacy at learning powerful representations from unlabelled data that achieve excellent performance on many challenging downstream tasks. However supervision-free pre-text tasks are challenging to design and usually modality specific. Although there is a rich literature of self-supervised methods for either spatial (such as images) or temporal data (sound or text) modalities, a common pre-text task that benefits both modalities is largely missing. In this paper, we are interested in defining a self-supervised pre-text task for sketches and handwriting data. This data is uniquely characterised by its existence in dual modalities of rasterized images and vector coordinate sequences. We address and exploit this dual representation by proposing two novel cross-modal translation pre-text tasks for self-supervised feature learning: Vectorization and Rasterization. Vectorization learns to map image space to vector coordinates and rasterization maps vector coordinates to image space. We show that the our learned encoder modules benefit both raster-based and vector-based downstream approaches to analysing hand-drawn data. Empirical evidence shows that our novel pre-text tasks surpass existing single and multi-modal self-supervision methods.


Framework

Illustration of the architecture used for our self-supervised task for sketches and handwritten data (a,c), and how it can subsequently be adopted for downstream tasks (b,d). Vectorization involves translating sketch image to sketch vector (a), and the convolutional encoder used in the vectorization process acts as a feature extractor over sketch images for downstream tasks (b). On the other side, rasterization converts sketch vector to sketch image (c), and provides an encoding for vector-based recognition tasks downstream (d).




Short Presentation



Bibtex

Citation
 
Sketch Less for More: On-the-Fly Fine-Grained Sketch Based Image Retrieval. In CVPR 2020.

[Bibtex]

@inproceedings{bhunia2021vectorization,
  title={Vectorization and rasterization: Self-supervised learning for sketch and handwriting},
  author={Bhunia, Ayan Kumar and Chowdhury, Pinaki Nath and Yang, Yongxin and Hospedales, Timothy M and Xiang, Tao and Song, Yi-Zhe},
  booktitle={CVPR},
  year={2021}
}